Invited Keynote Speeches

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Biography: Shoudong Huang received the Bachelor and Master degrees in Mathematics, Ph.D in Automatic Control from Northeastern University, P.R. China in 1987, 1990, and 1998, respectively. He was a faculty member in the Department of Mathematics at Northeastern University, China from 1990 to 1998.  After his PhD study, he worked at the University of Hong Kong for 1.5 years and The Australian National University for 2 years as a Research Fellow in control area. He joined the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Autonomous Systems in 2004 and started to work on robotics. He is currently an Associate Professor at Centre for Autonomous Systems, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia. His research interests include mobile robot simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), path planning, exploration and control. Shoudong Huang has secured over 2 million AUD research grants. He has published one book and more than 100 papers.  He has won the best paper award in the 14th International Conference on Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision, 2016. He is currently an Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Robotics. He has been an Associate Editor for International Journal of Advanced Robotics Systems from 2015 to 2017, an Associate Editor for IEEE International conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) from 2007 to 2009 and from 2013 to 2018, and an Associate Editor for IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) from 2008 to 2010 and from 2012 to 2018.  In 2018, he has been listed as the top 100 Most Influential Scholar in the field of Robotics by AMiner.

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Biography: Dr Xianwen Kong is a lecturer and Programme Co-director of MSc Robotics at Heriot-Watt University, UK and a member of Edinburgh Centre for Robotics, a joint venture between Heriot-Watt University and the University of Edinburgh. His research interests include mechanisms and robotics focusing on the creative design of parallel manipulators with their applications in manufacturing and renewable energy. He has authored or co-authored one monograph (with Prof C. Gosselin) published by Springer, two US patents and more than 200 publications in journals and conference proceedings. The Russian translation and Chinese translation of the monograph were published by the Russian publisher FIZMATLIT – Nauka Publishers and the China Machine Press in 2012 and 2013 respectively. Dr Kong served as the Program Chair/Co-chair for the ASME/IEEE ReMAR in 2009, 2012 and 2015 and the ASME IDETC 2016 and 2018. He was an invited lecturer for the International Summer School on Screw-Theory Based Methods in Robotics hold in Italy, China, Brazil and Canada from 2009 to 2016.  He is an ASME Fellow and a committee member of the ASME Mechanisms and Robotics Committee, Mechanism and Machine Theory and Mechanical Sciences, a member of editorial board of the Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering. He received several awards including the 2012 Freudenstein/General Motors Young Investigator Award. A morphing machinedeveloped by Dr Kong’s team was on display in the Science and Technology Galleries at the National Museum of Scotland from July 2016 to February 2017 for creating spark of interest that leads to new discoveries.

Biography: Dr. Chaomin Luo received his Ph.D. in Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at University of Waterloo, in 2008, his M.Sc. in Engineering Systems and Computing at University of Guelph, Canada, and his B.Eng. in Electrical Engineering from Southeast University, Nanjing, China.  He is currently Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, at the Mississippi State University. He was panelist in the Department of Defense, USA, 2015-2016, 2016-2017 NDSEG Fellowship program and panelist in 2017 NSF GRFP Panelist program. He was the General Co-Chair of 2015 IEEE International Workshop on Computational Intelligence in Smart Technologies, and Journal Special Issues Chair, IEEE 2016 International Conference on Smart Technologies, Cleveland, OH. He was publication co-chair in the 2018 IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation (IEEE ICIA2018). Currently, he is Associate Editor of International Journal of Robotics and Automation, and International Journal of Swarm Intelligence Research. He was the Publicity Chair in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics.  He was on the Conference Committee in 2012 International Conference on Information and Automation and International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Publicity Chair in 2012 IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics. He was a Chair of IEEE SEM - Computational Intelligence Chapter; a Vice Chair of IEEE SEM- Robotics and Automation and Chair of Education Committee of IEEE SEM. He has extensively published in reputed journal and conference proceedings, such as IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, IEEE Transactions on SMC, IEEE-ICRA, and IEEE-IROS, etc. His research interests include engineering education, computational intelligence, intelligent systems and control, robotics and autonomous systems, and applied artificial intelligence and machine learning for autonomous systems. He received the Best Paper Award in the IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation (IEEE ICIA2017). He is an ASEE, INFORMS, and IEEE member. He is currently an Associate Editor of The 2019 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IEEE-IROS 2019) .

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Based on the special folding/unfolding function of beetle’s hind wings, we explore the morphological variances, unfolding function of beetle’s hind wings and thorax comparative morphology of leaf beetles in flight polymorphism. We found the proximal and distal parts of hind wings are separate modules, and vein changes of the apical folding area are independent and strongly influence the entire venation variance of the hind wing. The hind wing unfolding time of beetles is positively correlated with beetle body quality and hind wing unfolding strategy is related to the apical area morphology of hind wing. We deduced hydraulic pressure mechanism of beetle hind wing unfolding is like inflatable origami. We also described in detail and compared the external and internal features of the thorax in the flying polymorphism of several beetles.

Legs of beetles have a lot of different forms and perform different functions, which are one of the most important organs for the beetles to adapt to different habitats. We analyzed the inter-leg coordination of crawling leg of a soldier beetle and found the motion coordination mode is the combination of tripod gait and wave gait, which coordinate with the speed. We investigated the external and internal structures and motion parameters of legs in three carabid beetles of free-living and cave-dwelling. Due to the cave environment, there are certain morphological differences between the surface-living and cave-dwelling ground beetles which may further influence the locomotion behavior of them. We also analyzed a rotation leg functioning as intimidation role in a stem beetle. The rotate process can be divided into four phases, and the rotating angle range between 0 - 170°. The rotation of trochanter drives the rotation of the legs by a pair of “screw-nut” structures. A previously unidentified self-righting strategy of a flea beetle was reported. We discovered the beetle land on its feet successfully 85% of the time by performing dual-axial rotations. The beetle may fling and beat wings to slow down to augment the flight duration and alleviate impact when landing and tends to select a proper means to landing safely according to the initial kinematics and landing environment.

Our studies provide the theoretical basis and new perspectives for studies of the morphological evolution of wings and legs of beetles. Investigations about locomotion mechanism bring new ideas to applications in biomimetic field. 

Biography: Dr. Si-Qin Ge, Fellow of Entomological Society of Entomology of China and USA, vice director of Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Chinese Academy of Sciences, professor of Entomology, Functional Morphology and Evolution. She obtained her Doctor degree from University of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2002, and finished her Post Doctor research in Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Germany during 2006-2007.  

She set up the standard of image capture systems of Micro-CT, CLSM, MRI, FIB which conducted in insect structure analysis. Also she set up a bionic application flat-form for multi-dimensional database including external and internal insect structures and mechanical model of insect locomotion organs. She conducted co-evolution analysis of insect locomotor systems and their related structures, constructed mechanical analysis and modelling of insect related structures. All of these provided the basic support for deeply integration of insect structures and its bionic applications.  She has charged number of important projects, including NSFC and Chinese Academy of Sciences projects, authored 5 books and more than 80 peer reviewed papers.  

Her research interests mainly focused on the functional morphology of insects and its evolutionary trends and bionic applications. She currently addressing on three parts: 1. Biomechanics, energetics, and evolution of key structures of insects, e.g. structures related to locomotion of jumping, walking, flying, feeding and reproduction. The control of the movement is being studied from both morphological and biomechanical perspectives by using a combination of innovative techniques, such as μ-CT, CLSM, SIM, MRI, SBFSEM, FIB, Computer-based 3-dimensional reconstructions, behavioral analyses with high-speed three-dimensional videography, particle-image velocimetry and metabolic measurements. 2. Morphological changes and mechanism during development of metamorphosis. 3. Discovery and application of new innovative techniques for functional morphology.  

Biography: Xuguang Lan received Ph.D. degree in Pattern Recognition and Intelligent System from Xi'an Jiaotong University in 2005. He was a postdoctor in department of computer science, Xi’an Jiaotong University from Dec. 2005 to Jan. 2008. He was a visiting scholar of Northwestern University from Sep. 2013 to Oct. 2014, and Ecole Centrale de Lyon from May. 2005 to Oct. 2005. Currently, he is a professor at Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, and vice dean of the college of Artificial Intelligence of in Xi’an Jiaotong University. His main research areas include computer vision, robot learning, and human-machine integration. He is a member of a council and deputy secretary-general of the Chinese Society of Cognitive Sciences, the deputy director of the "Cognitive System and Information Processing" Committee of the Artificial Intelligence Society, etc. He is a member of the editorial board of the international journal IET "Cognitive Computation and Systems", editor of "Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence" and "Journal of Dynamics and Control", and IEEE CYBER 2019 Program Co-Chair. He has published more than 60 papers in journals and conferences such as IEEE Trans. and CVPR, and has obtained more than 10 national invention patents. In recent years. he has presided over more than 10 scientific research projects such as the key program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Science and Technology Major Project, and the 863 and 973 Subprojects. He is a member of IEEE.

Biography: Hai-Tao Zhang, Vice Dean of School of Artificial Intelligence and Automation, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Distinguished Professor of Central China Scholar, Young Scholar of Chang Jiang Scholars’ Award Program of Minister of Education, National Young Top Talent, and Winner of National Excellent Youth Fund. Born in 1977, he received his Bachelor and Ph.D. from University of Science and Technology of China in 2000 and 2005, respectively. In 2007, he was engaged in post-doctoral research at Cambridge University in England. He was promoted to Professor in 2010. He has visited University of California, University of Virginia and other academic institutions. His research interests include swarm intelligence, cooperative control of autonomous USVs, etc. He has hosted more than 20 projects such as Joint Key Fund, Excellent Youth Fund and Major Research Plan of National Natural Science Foundation. He has published/been accepted 84 SCI journal papers, including 38 papers in Automatica and IEEE Trans./Mag. as first or corresponding author. His collective motions’ phase-transition work was selected as research highlights in Nature Physics in 2016. He has applied or authorized 32 patents of invention (including 2 American patents). He has won the first prize of Natural Science in Hubei Province, and the gold award of Genevan International Invention Exhibition. Prof. Zhang is an IEEE Senior Member who serves/have served as Editorial Board members of several International SCI Journals such as IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems II, Asian Journal of Control.